|Atomic Number:||106||Atomic Radius:||—|
|Atomic Symbol:||Sg||Melting Point:||—|
|Atomic Mass:||271||Boiling Point:||—|
[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d4
Seaborgium is named after Glenn Seaborg.
In June 1974, members of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, U.S.S.R., reported their discovery of Element 106, which they reported to have synthesized. Glenn Seaborg was part of this group, and the element was named in his honor.
In September 1974, workers of the Lawrence Berkeley and Livermore Laboratories also claimed creation Element 106 “without any scientific doubt.” The LBL and LLL Group used the Super HILAC to accelerate 18O ions onto a 249Cf target.
Element 106 was created by the reaction 249Cf(18O, 4N)263X, which decayed by alpha emission to rutherfordium, and then by alpha emission to nobelium, which in turn further decayed by alpha between daughter and granddaughter. The element so identified had alpha energies of 9.06 and 9.25 MeV with a half-life of 0.9 +/- 0.2 s.
At Dubna, 280-MeV ions of 54Cr from the 310-cm cyclotron were used to strike targets of 206Pb, 207Pb, and 208Pb, in separate runs. Foils exposed to a rotating target disc were used to detect spontaneous fission activities. The foils were etched and examined microscopically to detect the number of fission tracks and the half-life of the fission activity. Other experiments were made to aid in confirmation of the discovery.
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Periodic Table of Elements, http://periodic.lanl.gov/list.shtml.