Since the early 1900s, discoveries made by scientists and researchers about nuclear science have driven the development of new uses for nuclear technology and the manufacturing of products. Since the 1940s, nuclear reactors have been developed as generators of energy and radioisotopes. Over the years, these discoveries and advancements have led to the development of the Nuclear Industry. Nuclear technology is at work everywhere. It is at work in hospitals, manufacturing plants, universities, airports, power plants, pulp mills, oil refineries and in our homes. In the province of New Brunswick for example, there are close to 100 sites licensed to use nuclear technology and materials in their day-to-day operations and in Canada there are over 1,800 licensees from coast to coast.
In 1945, Canada became only the second country in the world to build and operate a nuclear reactor. Since that time Canada has become a leader in nuclear technology and its applications. Today, the Nuclear Industry in Canada employs over 30,000 people offering a wide variety of career opportunities, and generates billions of dollars in revenue each year. Canada’s Nuclear Industry can be broken down into eight major groups:
The nuclear industry in Canada directly employs over 30,000 people.
- Electricity Generation
- Medical Applications
- Uranium Exploration and Mining
- Commercial and Manufacturing Applications
- Inspection and Monitoring Services
- Scientific Research
- Aeronautics and Space Exploration
- Food and Agriculture
This section will explore each of these industries and explore how nuclear technology is utilized in their day-to-day operations.